Wound care products can be very confusing. When caring for a wound, it is essential to know the different types of bandages and their applications. Further, the dressing to use depends on the type of injury that you have. There are several would care products, but hydrocolloid bandage is the most advanced. Hydrocolloid bandage is ideal for wounds with mild to moderate seepage. Here are five things you need to know about hydrocolloid dressing.
What is Hydrocolloid Dressing?
Hydrocolloid dressings are wafers, powders, or pastes with gel-forming components held with an adhesive. The adhesive is then contained within a film composed of silicone or polyurethane. When in contact with the wound seepage, the wafers absorb the fluid and swell, forming a gel that confines within the structure of the material.
Hydrocolloid dressing provides the wound with a moist environment favorable for healing and prevents exogenous bacteria from attacking the injury.
Advantages of Hydrocolloid Dressing
There are numerous advantages to using Hydrocolloid dressing.
- With Hydrocolloid dressing, you do not have to keep changing the dress, providing minimal disruption to the wound. You only need to change a dressing every 3-7 days. This advantage makes the Hydrocolloid dressing more cost useful in terms of materials and health care professional cost. When compared to other forms of dressing, Hydrocolloid dressing reduces pain and promotes faster healing.
- The bandages are impermeable to bacteria thus lowering the risk of infection. Most are waterproof allowing the patient to take a regular bath.
- The dressing only adheres to the surrounding skin and not the wound. This helps in keeping the newly healed skin intact. After healing, the dressing does not traumatize the skin upon removal. Hydrocolloids dressing are also available in different shapes to form with specific body parts.
Disadvantages of Hydrocolloid dressing
Along with the advantages, it is essential to know the disadvantages of Hydrocolloid dressing. These cons include:
- Not recommended for wounds with heavy exudates
- Be cautious when using it on diabetes patients. When used on diabetes patients, you need to consult a physician and regularly change the dressing.
How to Apply Hydrocolloid Dressings
Application of hydrocolloid dressings depends on the type of wound. You also have to consider whether the injury requires additional treatment. Nevertheless, these dressings are easy to apply, and you do not need an expert to help you. You can follow the following steps to implement.
- Wear gloves or clean your hands before handling the wound.
- Use a saline solution to clean the wound thoroughly.
- Dry the skin
- Remove the paper backing and ensure that the dressing is centered over the wound.
- With a rolling motion, apply the bandage to the skin and smoothen the edges.
- If need be, you can frame the dressing with tape.
There are two instances when you need to remove the bandage: when changing and after healing. Follow the following simple steps to remove the bandage.
- Carefully press down the skin and lift one edge of the dressing. Continue to lift all other adhesive sides of the dressing.
- In a gentle manner, remove the bandage from the skin surface towards the hair growth.
Now you have a better understanding of Hydrocolloid dressing.