Fair trade 101

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You can find “fair trade” written across the label of all kinds of products these days, from coffee to t-shirts. What exactly does it mean? And why is it important to look for this term? Do we need to buy everything fair trade or just certain things?

I didn't have any of these answers the first time I picked up a bag of fair trade coffee. I just knew that I had heard a little about it and that people I respected talked about fair trade sometimes and that it must be the right thing to do. So that went on for awhile, but as someone who is curious for a living, I had to know the facts. Here they are!

What does “fair trade” mean?

The Fair Trade Federation defines fair trade as “a more equitable and sustainable system of production and trade.” Wikipedia calls it “an organized social movement which promotes standards for international labor, environmentalism, and social policy in areas related to production of Fairtrade labeled and unlabeled goods.”


Why is fair trade important?

The fair trade movement promotes and supports fair wages for workers no matter where they are from. “Fair wages” referring to what makes sense locally. Manufacturers, artisans and craftsmen must earn a wage they can live on and that is relative to other trades in their local economic system in order for a product to be labelled “Fair trade.” Generally, this means that artisans, etc. are paid 15 to 30 percent of the retail price of the goods they're creating.

Fair trade also applies to the  environment that people work in. Fair trade organizations work hard to ensure safe working conditions for artisans, create economic stability for communities in developing countries, and improve social and humanitarian conditions in those communities to help ensure that the workers can continue working and earning wages.

What to buy fair trade
While it's good to know what's behind the production of everything you buy, – every dollar, every penny is a vote! – some items are more likely than others to be produced in an environment that supports human exploitation, whether because of unfair wages (basically slavery), unsafe working conditions, child labor or a combination of these. These items include:
Another way to make sure your dollars are flowing ethically is to support crafters and shop owners who only use fair trade materials in their products! Just another reason why buying handmade is the way to go.
Do you buy fair trade? Do any of the items on this list surprise you? What would you add?

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Kylie Wiser is an herbalist specializing in skincare and women's health. She shares recipes and resources on Everblossom to help others live a more holistic lifestyle. She lives in Fargo, ND with her huge family and lots of houseplants.

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5 Responses

  1. Sara

    Diamonds should be on this list!! Diamond miners are for the most part slaves, basically. DO NOT SUPPORT THE DIAMOND INDUSTRY!

  2. Jen

    Great post – you’re right, this is SUCH an important issue and I’m glad for the reminder! It’s so important to make purchases based on what’s right and not just what’s convenient!

  3. Rachel-Rebecka

    I try to buy fair trade as often as possible. Unfortunately in a community as small as mine, the selection of fair trade products is pretty slim pickings. :/

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